What Did Abraham Do? Who was Abraham in the Bible? Abraham is the first of the Hebrew Patriarchs and a figure revered by the three great monotheistic religions – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Abraham or, in Hebrew, Avraham, originally called Abram or, in Hebrew, Avram, is a prominent figure who flourished early 2nd millennium BCE. The Biblical book of Genesis reveals that Abraham left Ur, Mesopotamia, following God’s call for him to start a new nation in an undesignated land that he later learned was Canaan. Abraham unquestioningly obeyed God, from whom he received repeated promises and a covenant that his “seed” would inherit the land.
In Judaism, the promised offspring is understood to be the Jewish people descended from Abraham’s son, Isaac, born of his wife Sarah. Likewise, in Christianity, the genealogy of Jesus is traced to Isaac, and Abraham’s near-sacrifice of Isaac is regarded as a foreshadowing of Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross. In Islam, it is Ishmael, Abraham’s firstborn son, born of Hagar, who is viewed as the fulfillment of God’s promise, and the Prophet Muhammad is his descendant. This is probably due to the many interpretations around the life of Abraham. However, there is much about his life that we’ll reveal in this piece of writing so as to help you better understand his role in God’s plan of salvation through Jesus Christ for the world.
What Did Abraham Do?
Behold, there is much that the Bible says about Abraham. There are several Bible verses through which we can learn about Abraham’s life. Apart from Moses, no Old Testament character is mentioned more in the New Testament than Abraham. In fact, Apostle James refers to Abraham as “God’s friend” (James 2:23), a special title used to describe no one else in Scripture. Amazingly, believers in all generations are called the “children of Abraham” (Galatians 3:7). It is without a single doubt that Abraham’s importance and impact in redemptive history are clearly seen in Scripture. The life of Abraham takes up a good portion of the Genesis narrative from his first mention in Genesis 11:26 all the way to his death in Genesis 25:8. Despite the fact that the Bible reveals much about Abraham’s life, we know very little about his birth and early life.
Surprisingly, when we first meet Abraham, he is already 75 years old. Genesis 11:28 clearly makes us understand that Abraham’s father, Terah, lived in Ur, an influential city in Southern Mesopotamia located on the Euphrates River about halfway between the head of the Persian Gulf and the modern-day city of Baghdad. We are also informed that Terah took his family and set off for the land of Canaan but rather settled in the city of Haran in northern Mesopotamia, which is on the trade route from ancient Babylonia about halfway between Nineveh and Damascus.
The Story of Abraham from the Scriptures
Abraham’s story is really an amazing one that starts with God’s call in his life: “The LORD had said to Abram, ‘Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you. I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you’” (Genesis 12:1-3).
Surprisingly, God calls Abraham from his home in Haran and tells him to go to a land that He will show to him. In addition, God makes three promises to Abraham: 1) the promise of a land of his own; 2) the promise to be made into a great nation; and 3) the promise of blessing.
These promises make the basis of what will later be referred to as the Abrahamic Covenant established in Genesis 15 and ratified in Genesis 17). Abraham’s unquestionable obedience to God is what makes him special. We are made to understand in Genesis 12:4 that when God called Abraham, he went “as the LORD had told him.” On several occasions, the author of Hebrews uses Abraham as an example of faith, and refers specifically to this impressive act: “By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going” (Hebrews 11:8). In the same light, how many of us would leave behind everything that is familiar to us and just go without knowing our destination? Note that the concept of family meant everything to a person living in the time of Abraham.
More on Abraham and the birth of Isaac
In the time of Abraham, family units were strongly knit; it was unusual for family members to live hundreds of miles apart from each other. More to this, we are not told anything about the religious life of Abraham and that of his family prior to his calling. However, we are made to understand that the people of Ur and Haran worshiped the ancient Babylonian pantheon of gods, in particular the mood god, an activity that made them sinful before the Lord God. One thing that we know is that God Almighty called Abraham out of a Pagan culture. Behold, Abraham knew and recognized the call of Yahweh, the Lord Almighty, and obeyed willingly, an act that brought unto him and his generations many blessings.
Interestingly, more of Abraham’s faith is revealed in the birth of his son, Isaac. The Bible makes us understand that Abraham and Sarah were childless (a real source of shame in that culture), yet God promised that Abraham would have a son (Genesis 15:4). This son would be the heir of Abraham’s huge fortune that God blessed him with, and, more importantly, he would be the heir of promise and the continuation of the godly line of Seth. It was because Abraham obeyed and believed the promise of God that faith was credited to him as righteousness (Genesis 15:6). In Genesis 17, God reiterates his promise to Abraham, and his faith is greatly rewarded in Genesis 21 with the birth of Isaac.
Abraham’s faith is tested in regard to his beloved son
Fascinatingly, Abraham’s faith would be tested regarding his son, Isaac. Genesis 22 clearly reveals how God commands Abraham to sacrifice Isaac on the top of Mount Moriah. Surprisingly, God is commanding Abraham to sacrifice the son he had been waiting for so many years. Though we don’t know how Abraham reacted internally to this command, Genesis 15:1 tells us how Abraham is faithfully obeying the God who was his shield, and who had been extraordinarily gracious and good to him up to this point. Genesis 22:3 tells us that as it was the case with the earlier command to leave his home and family, Abraham obeyed and took up his son to the mountain in order to carry out the sacrifice. Amazingly, the story ends with God holding back Abraham from sacrificing Isaac.
Just imagine how Abraham must have felt when he was about sacrificing his own son before God held him back. Remember that he had been waiting decades for a son of his own, and the very God who promised this child to him was about to take him away. The truth is that Abraham’s faith in God was greater than the love he had for his son, and he trusted that even if he sacrificed Isaac, God was able to bring him back from the dead (Hebrews 11:17-19). Abraham was not wrong because everything is possible with God. Putting his trust in God brought great rewards and blessings to him and his generations. He trusted God and God revealed Himself to him in a marvelous way. Today, his name is a blessing to nations that welcome him.
It is without a doubt that Abraham had his moments of failure and sin (as we all do), and the Bible doesn’t shrink from relating them. The Bible reveals at least two occasions in which Abraham lied regarding his relationship to Sarah in order to protect himself in potentially hostile lands (Genesis 12:10-20; 20:1-18). In both these incidents, the Lord God showed mercy, protected, and blessed Abraham despite his lack of faith. The Bible also makes us understand how the frustration of not having a child wore on Abraham and Sarah. The frustration took them to a point where Sarah suggested that Abraham have a child with her servant, Hagar, on her behalf; Abraham agreed (Genesis 16:1-15). It is important to understand that the birth of Ishmael not only demonstrates the futility of Abraham’s folly and lack of faith but also the grace of God.
Interestingly, Abraham and Sarah were called Abram and Sarai at that time. But when Ishmael was thirteen (13) years old, God gave Abram a new name along with the covenant of circumcision and a renewed promise to give him a son through Sarai, to whom God also gave a new name (Genesis 17). Following this, Abram, meaning “high father,” became Abraham, “father of a multitude.” Indeed, Abraham had numerous physical descendants. And in addition, all who put their faith in God through Jesus Christ are also referred to as the spiritual heirs of Abraham (Galatians 3:29). The “Father of the Faithful” had his moments of doubt and disbelief, yet he is still exalted among men as an example of the faithful life.
Lessons we can learn from Abraham’s life
As Christians, there is much that we can learn from Abraham’s life. One of such is that we are to live a life of faith. The reason why Abraham took his son up to Mount Moriah to sacrifice was that he trusted God and knew He was faithful to keep His promises. Surprisingly, Abraham’s faith wasn’t a blind faith as his faith was a certain assurance and trust in the one who had proved Himself faithful and true. If we clearly look at our lives, we’ll see the hand of God’s providence all over it. As a matter of fact, God doesn’t have to visit us accompanied by angels or speak from burning bushes or part the sea waters to be active in our lives. God is always working for the good of His children. And because we are His children through Jesus Christ, He is in control.
Behold, God is superintending and orchestrating the events of our lives. Even though at times, it may not seem that way, we should remember that Abraham’s life sufficient is evidence that God’s presence in our lives is real. Even Abraham’s failures demonstrated that God, while not protecting us from the consequences of our sin, graciously works His will in us and through us; nothing we do will thwart His plan. In addition, Abraham’s life clearly shows us the blessings of obedience. When asked to leave his family, Abraham left. When asked to sacrifice Isaac, Abraham “rose up early the next morning” to do so. We can discern from the Biblical narrative that there was no hesitation in Abraham’s obedience. Like most of us, Abraham may have agonized over these decisions but when the time came to act, he did without hesitation.
More on what we can learn from Abraham’s life
As was the case with Abraham, when we discern a true call from God or we read His instructions in His Word, we must be quick to act as led by His Spirit. As Christians, obedience is not optional when God commands us to do something. The life of Abraham also shows us what it looks like to have an active relationship with God. Although Abraham was quick to obey God’s instructions, he did not shy away from asking questions. Although he believed that God would give him and Sarah a son, he did wonder at how it could be (Genesis 17:17–23). In Genesis 18, we read the account of Abraham interceding for Sodom and Gomorrah. Behold, Abraham openly affirmed that God was holy and just and could not fathom him destroying the righteous with sinners.
Abraham asked God to spare the sinful cities of Sodom and Gomorrah for the sake of fifty (50) righteous and continued to work the number down till ten (10). Unfortunately, there were not ten righteous men in Sodom, but God did spare Abraham’s nephew Lot and his household (Genesis 19). It is amazing to see how God revealed His plan to Abraham before taking action. Likewise, it is also amazing to see how God was not taken aback by Abraham’s questions. This clearly shows us what it means to interact with God regarding His plans, interceding for others, trusting God’s justice, and submitting to His Will.
We can as well learn from Abraham’s life that faith is not hereditary. From Matthew 3:9, Luke 3:8, and John 8:39, we are made to understand that it is not enough to be physically descended from Abraham to be saved. Same as it is not enough to be raised in a Christian home to be saved. We must enter a fellowship with God through faith in Christ and a mindset of obedience, and love for God and our neighbor.
Questions and Answers about Abraham
1) Why is Abraham important?
Abraham is of great importance because he was the first of the Hebrew Patriarchs and a figure revered by the three great monotheistic religions – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The Christian Bible tells us how Abraham was called by God to leave his country and his people and journey to an undesignated land, where he was to become the founder of a new nation. Interestingly, Abraham obeyed God’s call and everything unfolded as promised.
2) What did Abraham believe in?
Before the Almighty God called Abraham, his family worshiped “other gods.” While in Canaan, his family worshiped the One whom Abraham had personally experienced, the Lord God Almighty. Looking up to Him as “God Most High,” Abraham entrusted himself and his entire household to His care. Following this, Abraham is considered to be the first monotheist.
3) Where was Abraham from?
The Bible tells us that Abraham was raised in “Ur of the Chaldeans” (Ur Kasdim). Today, several scholars have agreed that Ur Kasdim was the Sumerian city Ur, today Tall al-Muqayyar (or Tall al-Mughair), about 200 miles (300 km) southeast of Baghdad in lower Mesopotamia. It is believed that Abraham lived for a while in Harran, before settling near Hebron in Canaan.
4) What was Abraham’s family like?
The Bible recounts that when Abraham settled with his wife Sarah in Canaan, he was 75 years old and childless. However, God promised that Abraham’s “seed” would inherit the land and become a nation. Abraham had a son, Ishmael, by his wife’s maidservant, Hagar, and, when Abraham was 100 years old, he and Sarah had a son, Isaac. Isaac had two sons, Esau and Jacob whose name was changed to Israel, the great nation.
5) What is Abraham best known for?
Abraham is best known for the depth of his faith. In fact, he is referred to as the father of faith. In the Biblical book of Genesis, he obeys unquestioningly the commands of God and is ready to follow God’s order to sacrifice Isaac, a test of his faith, although, in the end, the Lord God Almighty substitutes a ram for his son, Isaac.
What Did Abraham Do?
Genesis 12:1-20 – “Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” So Abram went, as the Lord had told him, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran. And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother’s son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people that they had acquired in Haran, and they set out to go to the land of Canaan. …“
Hebrews 11:17 – “By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was in the act of offering up his only son,”
Galatians 3:6-9 – “Just as Abraham “believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”? Know then that it is those of faith who are the sons of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “In you shall all the nations be blessed.” So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.”
Group 1 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 15:6 – “And he believed the Lord, and he counted it to him as righteousness.”
Hebrews 11:8 – “By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to a place that he was to receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going.“
James 2:23 – “And the Scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”—and he was called a friend of God.”
Genesis 18:1-16 – “And the Lord appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing in front of him. When he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth and said, “O Lord, if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by your servant. Let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree, while I bring a morsel of bread, that you may refresh yourselves, and after that you may pass on—since you have come to your servant.” So they said, “Do as you have said.” …“
Group 2 – What Did Abraham Do
Galatians 3:29 – “And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise.”
Romans 4:13 – “For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith.”
Genesis 21:2 – “And Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age at the time of which God had spoken to him.”
John 8:58 – Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.”
Genesis 26:5 – “Because Abraham obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”
Genesis 12:1 – Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you.”
Genesis 17:5 – “No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations.“
Genesis 25:7 – “These are the days of the years of Abraham’s life, 175 years.“
Group 3 – What Did Abraham Do
Joshua 24:3 – “Then I took your father Abraham from beyond the River and led him through all the land of Canaan, and made his offspring many. I gave him Isaac.”
Genesis 25:8-10 – “Abraham breathed his last and died in a good old age, an old man and full of years, and was gathered to his people. Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, east of Mamre, the field that Abraham purchased from the Hittites. There Abraham was buried, with Sarah his wife.”
Genesis 25:1 – “Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah.”
Hebrews 11:8-10 – “By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to a place that he was to receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. By faith he went to live in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, living in tents with Isaac and Jacob, heirs with him of the same promise. For he was looking forward to the city that has foundations, whose designer and builder is God.”
Hebrews 6:13 – “For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he had no one greater by whom to swear, he swore by himself,”
Group 4 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 17:1-27 – “When Abram was ninety-nine years old the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am God Almighty; walk before me, and be blameless, that I may make my covenant between me and you, and may multiply you greatly.” Then Abram fell on his face. And God said to him, “Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. …“
Genesis 12:7 – “Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your offspring I will give this land.” So he built there an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him.”
Nehemiah 9:7 – “You are the Lord, the God who chose Abram and brought him out of Ur of the Chaldeans and gave him the name Abraham.“
Acts 7:4 – “Then he went out from the land of the Chaldeans and lived in Haran. And after his father died, God removed him from there into this land in which you are now living.”
Leviticus 19:2 – “Speak to all the congregation of the people of Israel and say to them, You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.”
Group 5 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 22:1-19 – “After these things God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here am I.” He said, “Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.” So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac. And he cut the wood for the burnt offering and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar. Then Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey; I and the boy will go over there and worship and come again to you.” …“
James 2:21-24 – “Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up his son Isaac on the altar? You see that faith was active along with his works, and faith was completed by his works; and the Scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”—and he was called a friend of God. You see that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone.”
Genesis 21:5 – “Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.”
Group 6 – What Did Abraham Do
Matthew 3:9 – “And do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’ for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham.“
Hebrews 11:17-19 – “By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was in the act of offering up his only son, of whom it was said, “Through Isaac shall your offspring be named.” He considered that God was able even to raise him from the dead, from which, figuratively speaking, he did receive him back.”
Genesis 12:1-3 – Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”
Genesis 22:11 – But the angel of the Lord called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” And he said, “Here am I.”
Group 7 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 13:4 – “To the place where he had made an altar at the first. And there Abram called upon the name of the Lord.”
Genesis 21:3 – “Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore him, Isaac.”
Genesis 13:2 – “Now Abram was very rich in livestock, in silver, and in gold.“
Genesis 12:8 – “From there he moved to the hill country on the east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. And there he built an altar to the Lord and called upon the name of the Lord.”
Genesis 20:1-18 – “From there Abraham journeyed toward the territory of the Negeb and lived between Kadesh and Shur; and he sojourned in Gerar. And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, “She is my sister.” And Abimelech king of Gerar sent and took Sarah. But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night and said to him, “Behold, you are a dead man because of the woman whom you have taken, for she is a man’s wife.” Now Abimelech had not approached her. So he said, “Lord, will you kill an innocent people? Did he not himself say to me, ‘She is my sister’? And she herself said, ‘He is my brother.’ In the integrity of my heart and the innocence of my hands I have done this.” …“
Group 8 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 11:31 – “Terah took Abram his son and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, his son Abram’s wife, and they went forth together from Ur of the Chaldeans to go into the land of Canaan, but when they came to Haran, they settled there.”
Galatians 3:16 – “Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, “And to offsprings,” referring to many, but referring to one, “And to your offspring,” who is Christ.”
Genesis 21:25-30 – “When Abraham reproved Abimelech about a well of water that Abimelech’s servants had seized, Abimelech said, “I do not know who has done this thing; you did not tell me, and I have not heard of it until today.” So Abraham took sheep and oxen and gave them to Abimelech, and the two men made a covenant. Abraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock apart. And Abimelech said to Abraham, “What is the meaning of these seven ewe lambs that you have set apart?” ...”
Genesis 11:27 – “Now these are the generations of Terah. Terah fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran fathered Lot.”
Group 9 – What Did Abraham Do
Romans 4:16-18 – “That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, as it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations”—in the presence of the God in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence the things that do not exist. In hope he believed against hope, that he should become the father of many nations, as he had been told, “So shall your offspring be.”
Genesis 16:3 – “So, after Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her servant, and gave her to Abram her husband as a wife.”
Genesis 20:7 – “Now then, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, so that he will pray for you, and you shall live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Genesis 12:3 – “I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”
Group 10 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 18:18 – “Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?“
Genesis 22:2 – He said, “Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.”
Genesis 17:17 – Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed and said to himself, “Shall a child be born to a man who is a hundred years old? Shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child?”
Luke 13:28 – “In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God but you yourselves cast out.”
Genesis 12:4 – “So Abram went, as the Lord had told him, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran.“
Luke 1:73 – “The oath that he swore to our father Abraham, to grant us“
Genesis 13:18 – “So Abram moved his tent and came and settled by the oaks of Mamre, which are at Hebron, and there he built an altar to the Lord.”
Group 11 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 14:18-20 – “And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (He was priest of God Most High.) And he blessed him and said, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth; and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand!” And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.”
Galatians 3:6 – Just as Abraham “believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”?
John 8:39 – They answered him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham’s children, you would be doing the works Abraham did,
Genesis 17:10-14 – “This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your offspring after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised. You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and you. He who is eight days old among you shall be circumcised. Every male throughout your generations, whether born in your house or bought with your money from any foreigner who is not of your offspring, both he who is born in your house and he who is bought with your money, shall surely be circumcised. So shall my covenant be in your flesh an everlasting covenant. Any uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin shall be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.”
Group 12 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 12:10-20 – “Now there was a famine in the land. So Abram went down to Egypt to sojourn there, for the famine was severe in the land. When he was about to enter Egypt, he said to Sarai his wife, “I know that you are a woman beautiful in appearance, and when the Egyptians see you, they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ Then they will kill me, but they will let you live. Say you are my sister, that it may go well with me because of you, and that my life may be spared for your sake.” When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. ...”
Romans 4:16 – “That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,“
John 1:18 – “No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known.”
John 3:16 – “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.”
Group 13 – What Did Abraham Do
Nehemiah 9:8 – “You found his heart faithful before you, and made with him the covenant to give to his offspring the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Jebusite, and the Girgashite. And you have kept your promise, for you are righteous.”
Isaiah 51:2 – “Look to Abraham your father and to Sarah who bore you; for he was but one when I called him, that I might bless him and multiply him.”
1 Chronicles 1:27 – “Abram, that is, Abraham.“
Genesis 21:33 – “Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba and called there on the name of the Lord, the Everlasting God.”
Genesis 35:27 – “And Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre, or Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had sojourned.“
Genesis 19:27 – “And Abraham went early in the morning to the place where he had stood before the Lord.”
Group 14 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 21:22-34 – At that time Abimelech and Phicol the commander of his army said to Abraham, “God is with you in all that you do. Now therefore swear to me here by God that you will not deal falsely with me or with my descendants or with my posterity, but as I have dealt kindly with you, so you will deal with me and with the land where you have sojourned.” And Abraham said, “I will swear.” When Abraham reproved Abimelech about a well of water that Abimelech’s servants had seized, Abimelech said, “I do not know who has done this thing; you did not tell me, and I have not heard of it until today.” …
Galatians 4:22-31 – “For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman. But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise. Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. …“
Group 15 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 15:1-21 – After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision: “Fear not, Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be very great.” But Abram said, “O Lord God, what will you give me, for I continue childless, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?” And Abram said, “Behold, you have given me no offspring, and a member of my household will be my heir.” And behold, the word of the Lord came to him: “This man shall not be your heir; your very own son shall be your heir.” And he brought him outside and said, “Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.” …
Genesis 12:5 – “And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother’s son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people that they had acquired in Haran, and they set out to go to the land of Canaan. When they came to the land of Canaan,”
Luke 16:23 – “And in Hades, being in torment, he lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham far off and Lazarus at his side.”
2 Chronicles 20:7 – “Did you not, our God, drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel, and give it forever to the descendants of Abraham your friend?“
Group 16 – What Did Abraham Do
Luke 16:22-31 – “The poor man died and was carried by the angels to Abraham’s side. The rich man also died and was buried, and in Hades, being in torment, he lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham far off and Lazarus at his side. And he called out, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus to dip the end of his finger in water and cool my tongue, for I am in anguish in this flame.’ But Abraham said, ‘Child, remember that you in your lifetime received your good things, and Lazarus in like manner bad things; but now he is comforted here, and you are in anguish. And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed, in order that those who would pass from here to you may not be able, and none may cross from there to us.’ …“
Genesis 22:15 – “And the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven“
Genesis 23:2 – “And Sarah died at Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan, and Abraham went in to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.“
Genesis 17:20 – “As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I have blessed him and will make him fruitful and multiply him greatly. He shall father twelve princes, and I will make him into a great nation.”
Group 17 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 14:5-24 – “In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim, and the Horites in their hill country of Seir as far as El-paran on the border of the wilderness. Then they turned back and came to En-mishpat (that is, Kadesh) and defeated all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites who were dwelling in Hazazon-tamar. Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out, and they joined battle in the Valley of Siddim with Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar, four kings against five. …“
Hebrews 12:1-29 – “Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God. Consider him who endured from sinners such hostility against himself, so that you may not grow weary or fainthearted. In your struggle against sin you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding your blood. And have you forgotten the exhortation that addresses you as sons? “My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord, nor be weary when reproved by him. …“
Group 18 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 13:9 – “Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself from me. If you take the left hand, then I will go to the right, or if you take the right hand, then I will go to the left.”
Hebrews 7:1 – “For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him,“
Genesis 14:23 – “That I would not take a thread or a sandal strap or anything that is yours, lest you should say, ‘I have made Abram rich.’“
Galatians 4:22-30 – “For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman. But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise. Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother. …“
Group 19 – What Did Abraham Do
Hebrews 7:1-10 – “For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, and to him Abraham apportioned a tenth part of everything. He is first, by translation of his name, king of righteousness, and then he is also king of Salem, that is, king of peace. He is without father or mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever. See how great this man was to whom Abraham the patriarch gave a tenth of the spoils! And those descendants of Levi who receive the priestly office have a commandment in the law to take tithes from the people, that is, from their brothers, though these also are descended from Abraham. ...”
Genesis 12:2 – “And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing.”
Genesis 12:6 – “Abram passed through the land to the place at Shechem, to the oak of Moreh. At that time the Canaanites were in the land.“
Genesis 11:29 – “And Abram and Nahor took wives. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran the father of Milcah and Iscah.”
Group 20 – What Did Abraham Do
Galatians 3:6-18 – “Just as Abraham “believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”? Know then that it is those of faith who are the sons of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “In you shall all the nations be blessed.” So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith. For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.” …“
John 17:20-22 – “I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me. The glory that you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are one,“
Hebrews 11:19 – “He considered that God was able even to raise him from the dead, from which, figuratively speaking, he did receive him back.“
Group 21 – What Did Abraham Do
Luke 3:1-38 – “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the wilderness. And he went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, “The voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough places shall become level ways, …“
John 8:33-40 – “They answered him, “We are offspring of Abraham and have never been enslaved to anyone. How is it that you say, ‘You will become free’?” Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is a slave to sin. The slave does not remain in the house forever; the son remains forever. So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. I know that you are offspring of Abraham; yet you seek to kill me because my word finds no place in you. ...”
Genesis 22:18 – “And in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.”
Group 22 – What Did Abraham Do
Matthew 1:1-25 – “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram, and Ram the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon, and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, ...”
Genesis 22:12 – He said, “Do not lay your hand on the boy or do anything to him, for now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me.”
Genesis 17:23-27 – “Then Abraham took Ishmael his son and all those born in his house or bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house, and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskins that very day, as God had said to him. Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. That very day Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised. And all the men of his house, those born in the house and those bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.”
Group 23 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 23:6-16 – “Hear us, my lord; you are a prince of God among us. Bury your dead in the choicest of our tombs. None of us will withhold from you his tomb to hinder you from burying your dead.” Abraham rose and bowed to the Hittites, the people of the land. And he said to them, “If you are willing that I should bury my dead out of my sight, hear me and entreat for me Ephron the son of Zohar, that he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which he owns; it is at the end of his field. For the full price let him give it to me in your presence as property for a burying place.” Now Ephron was sitting among the Hittites, and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the hearing of the Hittites, of all who went in at the gate of his city, …
Genesis 22:1-24 – After these things God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here am I.” He said, “Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.” So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac. And he cut the wood for the burnt offering and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar. Then Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey; I and the boy will go over there and worship and come again to you.” …
Group 24 – What Did Abraham Do
Genesis 21:1-7 – “The Lord visited Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did to Sarah as he had promised. And Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age at the time of which God had spoken to him. Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore him, Isaac. And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac when he was eight days old, as God had commanded him. Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him. …“
Genesis 22:1 – After these things God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here am I.”
Genesis 22:3-13 – So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac. And he cut the wood for the burnt offering and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar. Then Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey; I and the boy will go over there and worship and come again to you.” And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son. And he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So they went both of them together. And Isaac said to his father Abraham, “My father!” And he said, “Here am I, my son.” He said, …
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